Cómo hacer y responder preguntas en inglés

Interrogatives in English to ask questions

In English, interrogatives are words that are used to ask questions. The main interrogatives in English include:

What: These are used to ask about things or general information.
What’s your name?
What time is it?

Who: Used to ask about people or identities.
Who is your best friend?
Who won the game?

Where: Used to ask about places or locations.
Where is the nearest coffee shop?
Where do you live?

When: Used to ask about specific times or moments.
When is your birthday?
When does the movie start?

Why: Used to ask about reasons or motives.
Why did you choose that color?
Why is the sky blue?

How: Used to ask about method, manner or condition.
How do you prepare a pizza?
How are you feeling today?

By combining these words with the appropriate grammatical structure, you can create a varied range of questions for different situations and contexts.

Thus, English questions with interrogatives, or English questions with Wh, begin with words such as «what», «who», «where», «when», «why» and «how».

Examples of English questions with wh or how
What is your name?

My name is John.

Where are you from?

I’m from New York.

How do you commute to work?

I take the subway.

Why did you come here?

I came to visit a friend.

English questions without interrogatives

English questions that do not begin with interrogatives are often used to obtain additional information or clarification in a conversation. They are also known as Yes/No questions, since they can be answered with one of these two formulas. These questions usually begin with an auxiliary verb such as «do», «does» or «did».

Examples of English questions without interrogatives:

Do you like pizza?
Yes, I do.

Did you see the movie last night?
No, I didn’t.

Do you speak Spanish?
Yes.

Do you know how to swim?
No, I don’t.

Tips for formulating and answering questions in English

Make sure the question structure is correct: auxiliary + subject + verb + complements (for questions without interrogative) or interrogative + auxiliary + subject + verb + complements (for questions with interrogative).
Pay attention to intonation. In questions, the voice usually rises at the end of the sentence, while in affirmative answers, the voice usually falls.
Practice the pronunciation of interrogative words, as they can be difficult for non-native speakers.
Listen carefully to the answers to better understand the conversation and respond appropriately.
Learning to ask and answer questions in English is essential for effective communication in everyday and professional situations. Good luck with your learning!

Conclusion

Asking and answering questions in English is a fundamental skill for communicating effectively in English. We hope you have found these tips useful. With practice, you will be able to improve your English skills and feel more confident in your English conversations.

And if you want to continue improving your language skills, check out our English school in the center of Granada – we look forward to seeing you there!

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